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Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD) are a group of disorders characterized by abnormalities in social interactions and in patterns of communication, and by restricted repetitive interests and activities. These abnormalities are a pervasive feature (affecting everything).

Autism spectrum disorders, or ASD, is an umbrella term commonly used to describe several developmental disorders in which individuals have substantial differences in the nature of their social development and communication skills, as well as unusual behaviors and interests. ASD is not a diagnostic category, but is widely used to refer to three of the five diagnoses under the category of pervasive developmental disorders: Autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Autism (sometimes called “classical autism”) is the most common condition.

When the DSM-V is published in 2012 it is expected that PDD-NOS will be renamed to ASD-NOS and PDD will be discarded from terminology completely.


Autism spectrum disorders are more common in the pediatric population than are some better known disorders such as diabetes, spinal bifida, or Down syndrome. A recent study of a U.S. metropolitan area estimated that 3.4 of every 1,000 children 3-10 years old had autism. The earlier the disorder is diagnosed, the sooner the child can be helped through treatment interventions. Pediatricians, family physicians, daycare providers, teachers, and parents may initially dismiss signs of ASD, optimistically thinking the child is just a little slow and will catch up.

Does your child often experience low moods, sleep problems, gastrointestinal issues or challenging behaviours? (July 2016)

We are looking for parents of children and adolescents with ASD aged 2 to 18 years that experience any of the above symptoms to take part in a study.

If your child does not present with any of the co-occurring disorders or symptoms mentioned, you can still take part! It is important for us to understand the effects co-occurring disorders have by including children with and without co-occurring symptoms.

If you would like to take part, or would like more information, please find the survey and further details at http://bit.ly/1UpXtvr, or email me at h.browne1@nuigalway.ie.

Many thanks,

Hannah Browne,
The Irish Centre for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Research (ICAN)

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Share your child with Autism Spectrum Disorders feeding experiences (Mar 2016)

Does your child with Autism Spectrum Disorder have difficulties with feeding? Or refuses to eat certain foods?

The Irish Centre for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Research is interested in finding out more about feeding behaviour in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. It will be helpful to understand the nature of feeding problems as it is a common problem.

If you think your child, between the age of 3 – 18 years does have difficulty eating or could have a feeding problem we would be interested to hear from you.

We are also interested in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder who don't have any issues with feeding, as we learn from information on why some children have these issues and others do not.

Please follow the link below to participate in my research if you wish.


Thank you,

Mairead O’Reilly
(NUI Galway Psychology Student)

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Stories for you children with ASD

I am a mum from Bristol and I have been writing children's stories for young children which are based on our own  experiences with our son who has Aspergers.

I have four titles to date, these being:-  
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Launch of AsIAm

31 Mar 2014 18:00
The Board of Directors of AsIAm.ie request the pleasure of your company:
At our formal launch ceremony
Inline image 2
AsIAm Logo


Again, I do. Do you work sonriseprogram
or Handle
Please write how to start?
Very grateful to Anna


Dear parents

I need a tutor for my son. We live in Carrick-on-Shannon. Is anyone, was at home teaching? Maybe you know a teacher from near Carrick. thank you

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ASD - First 100 Days Kit

First 100 Days Kit (by Autism Speaks) is "A tool kit to assist families in getting the critical information they need in the first 100 days after an autism diagnosis."  Highly recommended if  your child is has developmental delays and/or suspected/diagnosed Autism Spectrm Disorder.  (The booklet is at the bottom of this article)

What topics does the booklet cover? 

About Autism
Why was my child diagnosed with Autism? And what does it mean?
Why does my child need a diagnosis of Autism?.
How is Autism Diagnosed?.
What is Autism?.
More information on the Symptoms of Autism.,,
Unique Abilities that may Accompany Autism.
Physical & Medical Issues that may Accompany Autism.,

Autism Speaks Logo
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Childcare Presentation

Dear Parents/Guardians,

My name is Carol Chamberlain. I'm a 3rd year Bachelor of Arts (BA) student in Childcare Management  in Athlone Institute of Technology, Westmeath.

I'm currently conducting a research study for my presentation on children with disabilities (3 years) and social inclusion in a Childcare setting paying particular attention to  how the facility has been modified to cater for their needs . I was wondering if you would be willing to help me by filling out a questionnaire?

TAba's picture

ASD research

Dear Parents,

I am still looking for parents of children recently turned 3 years of
age or younger with ASD to participate in a study for an MSc in NUI
Galway. The study involves a short questionnaire on the other issues
apart from ASD that your children may suffer from, eg sleeping and
eating problems. It is the first study of its kind in Ireland.

I would be very grateful for your input - it'll only take around 20 minutes to complete, its
anonymous and I plan to publish the research findings  and present them at
conferences. I need to gather all my research by the end of September 2011.

AKOL's picture

The Autism Jigsaw - 18-19th Oct 2011

18 Oct 2011 09:45
19 Oct 2011 16:00

The Shine Centre will hold the Autism Jigsaw Event in Cork on the 18th & 19th of October. 

This unique event is kindly sponsored by QUINNhealthcare and will bring the autism community together to share information, strategies and innovations and create better outcomes for our children and adults with autism. 

Great list of speakers and exhibitors, tickets just €20 (incl' lunch) €15 for students www.autismjigsaw.com.
Arlene's picture

Still looking for parents of children and adolescents with ASD

Dear Parents/Guardians,

My name is Arlene Mannion. I'm a 2nd year Masters of Science (MSc) student in applied behaviour analysis in National University of Ireland, Galway.

I'm currently conducting a research study for my thesis on comorbidity in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders in Ireland aged 3 to 16 years. I was wondering if you would be willing to help me by filling out a questionnaire?

Please contact if you are interested in helping me with this study, or have any questions about the research. Please include your email address or postal address if you are interested in participating, and I will send you on a questionnaire.
My email address is a.mannion3@nuigalway.ie.

Thanking you,
Arlene Mannion

TAba's picture

Research - children under 3 years

Dear Parents,

I am an MSc student in NUIG and I am looking for parents of children with ASD who are recently turned 3 years of age or younger to take part in research on comorbidity. The study involves a questionnaire on issues your child may have aside from those associated with ASD, like eating or sleeping difficulties.  

Arlene's picture

Student looking for parents of children with autism spectrum disorders for research study

Dear Parents/Guardians,

My name is Arlene Mannion. I'm a 2nd year Masters of Science (MSc)  student in applied behaviour analysis in National University of Ireland,  Galway.
I'm currently conducting a research study  for my thesis on comorbidity in children  with autism spectrum disorders in Ireland. I was wondering  if you would be  able to help me by filling out a questionnaire?
I've attached an participant information sheet to find out more. Please contact me if you are interested in helping me with this study, or have any questions about the research.
Thanking you,
Arlene Mannion

Questions and Answers

Queen's University, Belfast - 2nd Annual Spring Workshop

28 Mar 2011 10:00
28 Mar 2011 15:00

Autism Awareness Seminar

When: 28th March 2011

10.00 - 15:00

Facilitated By:

Nicola Kennedy MScBA 

Nichola Booth BCBA 

Early Bird: £50, At The Door: £60, Student: £30
Including Coffee/Tea & Light Lunch.
  • With a rise in prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) to nearly 1:100 it is highly likely that staff in health, education and social care professions will meet individuals diagnosed with ASD, even if they are not specialising in the area.


Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Symptoms of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder

Does my child have Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD, PDD)?

PDA (Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome)

Pathological Demand Avoidance Syndrome (PDA) is a pervasive developmental disorder. and is related to, but not the same as Autism and Asperger Syndrome.

Individuals with PDA are typically socially manipulative with people, and therefore superficially socially skilled, which sets them apart from Autism and Asperger Syndrome.

The most central characteristic of people who have Pathological Demand Avoidance (PDA) is their obvious and obsessional avoidance of the ordinary demands of everyday life.


Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

PSS-NOS is an Autism Spectrum Disorder.

The term or label PDD-NOS is included in DSM-IV (diagnostic manual)  to encompass cases where there is marked impairment of social interaction, communication, and/or stereotyped behavior patterns but just falls short of an Autism or similar ASD diagnosis.

Basically PDD-NOS is a diagnosis on the 'subthreshold'  of the Autism diagnosis.

Therefore, to understand PDD-NOS, see instead ....



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Examining the Experiences and Information Needs of Parents of Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders: Before/After Diagnosis

Examining the Experiences and Information Needs of Parents of Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders: Before and After the Diagnosis

On Tue, Feb 12, 2008 at 5:48 PM, Tara wrote:

Dear Parent,

Autism and Communication

Although the cause of speech and language problems in autism is unknown, many experts believe that the difficulties are caused by a variety of conditions that occur either before, during, or after birth affecting brain development. This interferes with an individual's ability to interpret and interact with the world.

Related Conditions

The following conditions are related to Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Childhood Disentegrative Disorder (CDD)

Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) is a condition first occurring in 3 to 4 year olds which is characterized by deterioration, over several months, of intellectual, social, and language functioning. Also known as disintegrative psychosis or Heller's syndrome.

This rather rare condition was described many years before autism but has only recently been 'officially' recognized.

With CDD children develop a condition which resembles autism but only after a relatively prolonged period of clearly normal development.

Asperger syndrome

Asperger syndrome (AS) is a developmental disorder that is characterized by:

* limited interests or an unusual preoccupation with a particular subject to the exclusion of other activities,
* repetitive routines or rituals,
* peculiarities in speech and language, such as speaking in an overly formal manner or in a monotone, or taking figures of speech literally
* socially and emotionally inappropriate behavior and the inability to interact successfully with peers,

Rett Syndrome

Rett syndrome (RTT) is characterized by abnormal social and language development and accopmained by repetitive behaviours. In this way it is similar to autism.

The onset of the disorder is not evident from birth but may occur between 5-30month and is accompainied by a deceleration in head growth.

Loss of muscle tone is usually the first symptom.

Other early symptoms may include problems crawling or walking and diminished eye contact.

As the syndrome progresses, a child will lose purposeful use of her hands and the ability to speak.

A typical outing!

Boy with Autism lying on Supermarket floor.

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